Photo credit: Royal Academy of Music
It has been suggested that 'J. Fazi' stands for the Italian sculptor Giovacchino Fazi who was living in Plymouth between the 1860s and the 1880s.
Giovacchino Fazi was born in Italy c.1833. He married Rosina Clouter (b. 1841) in Plymouth Roman Catholic Cathedral, on the 23rd November 1865.
According to his death registration, Fazi died in Plymouth aged 49 on 3rd June 1882. Rosina died on the 16th April 1884, aged 42.
According to the 1871 UK Census, Giovacchino Fazi, a "Sculptor", aged 45, was living at 11, Sloke Hill, Plymouth, with his wife Rossini (sic), aged 29, and their two children, Venezia R., aged 4, and Rosina L., aged 2.
In the 1881 census, the family, living at 23, Wyndham Street, Plymouth, consisted of ‘Jivohino (sic) Fazi’, aged 50, a "Sculptor", born in Italy; his wife Rosina, aged 39, born in Plymouth; their daughter, Rosina, aged 12, born in Plymouth; and their son, Edwin, aged 9, born in Plymouth.
Can anyone find further information about the correct birth date of Giovacchino Fazi or provide evidence to suggest he is the artist?
This discussion is now closed. The sculptor has been identified as Giovacchino Fazi (c.1833–1882). The new entry (March 2020) in Jacob Simon’s National Portrait Gallery research project, ‘British bronze sculpture founders and plaster figure makers, 1800–1980', is based entirely on the research carried out here. See: https://bit.ly/2xOC7Gx
Thank you to everyone who contributed to the discussion. To anyone viewing it for the first time, please see below for all the comments that led to this conclusion.
In the 1851 Census, Fazi appears to be living in Taunton, but mistranscribed as 'Govakina Fazi'. His occupation is listed as 'Modeller'. Perhaps this is significant as William Crotch lived in Taunton in his final years, dying there in his son's house in 1847 (more on Crotch on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Crotch)
Here's the text of the census transcription:
Name: Govakina Fazi
Estimated birth year: abt 1815
Where born: Italy
Civil Parish: Taunton St Mary Magdalen
Registration district: Taunton
Sub-registration district: Pitminster
ED, institution, or vessel: 4d
Household schedule number: 195
Page Number: 46
The inscription on the back isn't completely recorded in the Art UK info. You can see from the images though that the complete inscription says:
W. CROTCH MUS. DOC. OXON
MODELLED BY J. FAZI TAUNTON 1853
Since this was a posthumous bust, it was presumably after some two-dimensional image of the sitter at a relatively young age, which may not have been a first-rate portrait. This could explain the rather basic, not to say primitive, quality of the face, though I expect Fazi was not a first-rate sculptor (though perhaps he later improved). For what it's worth, he is not listed in Artnet, and I can find nothing else by him. Here's a print of Crotch from 1822:
Concerning the inscription of "aged 72," I assume that refers to the fact he died at that age, not that the bust shows him at the end of his life. If the latter is the intended meaning, then the basis for the bust might be something like this, from 1839:
However, the bust makes him look younger, albeit perhaps not deliberately, but rather due to the sculptor's incapacity.
I suppose the name Giovacchino, which is relatively uncommon (it may also be a surname), could have been taken for an Italian form of John, perhaps by the sculptor himself, at least at some point of his career. That may explain the J. Fazi instead of G. Fazi, though it would help to have other work by him for comparison.
Andrew, your 1851 Census information addresses the issue of Fazi's age directly. Extracting from each of the Census returns from 1851 up to 1881 (the year before his death) produces the following data and with the transcribed name as found on Ancestry.co.uk:
1851 - Age 36 therefore born in 1815 (Govakina Fazi)
1861 - Age 45 therefore born in 1816 (Gioohino Fazi)
1871 - Age 45 therefore born in 1826 (Giovahino Fazi)
1881 - Age 50 therefore born in 1831 (Jioshine Fazi)
1882 - Age 49 therefore born in 1833 (Giovacchino Fazi) (death record)
If one is to assume that the recorded Census age of 36 in 1851 is the most honest given, then Fazi would have been 38 when he modelled the Crotch bust in 1853, rather than 22, which he would have been if his age in 1881 was correct.
Fazi's age at death should have been recorded as 67, and not 49.
Worth noting that we currently have an ongoing discussion on another image of Crotch in Art Detective. See https://www.artuk.org/artdetective/discussions/discussions/could-this-be-the-portrait-of-dr-crotch-that-joseph-slater-jr-exhibited-at-the-royal-academy-in-1813/search/keywords:crotch
According to Richard Ormond's Early Victorian Portraits catalogue (NPG), there is a plaster bust of Crotch by J. Fazi at Christ Church, Oxford. This would seem to be another version of the bust under discussion, although it would be good to confirm that with an image. Only the paintings at Christ Church are on Art UK.
No Fazi appears in Oxford Art Online, including Grove and Benezit.
Jacinto, what does that tell you?
It tells me he was too minor and/or obscure a sculptor to merit inclusion.
Attached is an advertisement for Fazi's services as a modeller and sculptor, from the Taunton Courier & Western Advertiser of Wednesday 18th July 1855.
Other works by him include:
1855 - Small statuette of Mr. Eales White (as in ad above)
1856 - a group of Guardian Angels
1857 - a small Grecian "tazzi" executed in Minehead alabaster
In December 1860, as Giachomo Fazi, he was summoned in Taunton for inability to pay the local poor rate.
Almost nothing else appears in the newspapers about him.
An online reference to two of his daughters can be read here:
The version at Christ Church does seem to be the same. Though it's not illustrated, it can be found in the third volume of Rachael (Mrs Reginald) Poole's 'Catalogue of portraits in the possession of the University, Colleges, City & Co. of Oxford': https://bit.ly/2RypSph. (For future reference, all three vols of the work (1912-25), a useful resource, are on Archive.org.)
Though I'm a bit puzzled by the description's reference to a 'tucked shirt', every other detail including inscription is the same; and the height given is close, 18.5 inches against 19.3 for ours.
Fazi does not appear in Jacob Simon's NPG research project 'British bronze sculpture founders and plaster figure makers, 1800-1980' (and Jacob will certainly want to know about him), but his very interesting history of the many itinerant Italian plaster modellers who came to England in the 18th & 19th centuries is here: https://bit.ly/2qAhRoH. Most of them came seasonally, returning in due course to (mainly) Lucca with their earnings; but a few, like Fazi, chose to stay permanently. And in fact I've found an alien arrivals entry for a 'Francesco Fazi' who arrived at Dover (from Italy via France) in a group of seven 'figure makers' in June 1840, quite possibly a close relation - the profession was very much a family one, and I don't think it's a terribly common name.
Fazi also appears in Slater's Directory 1852 (Taunton - 'Govakino Fazi') & Kelly's for 1866 (Plymouth - 'Signor Fazi'). Attached.
Osmund, well done for bringing the Archive.org version of Lane Poole to the discussion. Also, just to note: I have in fact already contacted Jacob Simon.
This excellent discussion can be brought to a conclusion. Much new information about Fazi has come forward thanks to our research, with contributions by Osmund, Kieran, Jacinto and Andrew Shore. Despite various attempts to obtain an image of the Christ Church bust (or indeed confirmation that it is still there), I have not had any concrete reply to my query (it was forwarded to the Picture Gallery but I doubt we will hear anything now with lockdown). However, we have had a positive outcome which is that Jacob Simon incorporated the information we discovered into the most recent update (March 2020) of his essential listing of 'British bronze sculpture founders and plaster figure makers, 1800-1980' on the NPG website. See link: https://bit.ly/2xOC7Gx
This is a big achievement and we should be pleased about it. Fazi now has an identity and if other works by him emerge, it will be possible to put them in context. So thanks to all.
Fazi's first name and year of birth do vary but for Art UK and the collection (if they agree) he can be listed as:
Giovacchino Fazi (d.1882), active 1850s-1860s
Just an observation on Crotch, whose name rang a bell with me as an artist not a musician, as indeed he was unless it is an astonishing coincidence of names and dates (1775-1847): neither his Wiki entry (though including an example ex-Tate), nor as far as I can see at a quick skim that in ODNB make any mention of it whatsoever.
There are three drawings in Tate and five oils on Art UK, all in the Norfolk collection. The BL has other drawings and a number of prints by him too, inc at least one published set:
Is this really all correct, or is it a case of two men being confused as one and the dates of both either being the same or those of the musician being wrongly applied to the other -but if so entirely consistently?
Pieter, I believe he was also an artist. See my comment at 14.9.19 on the discussion cited above about a possible portrait of Crotch by Slater.
Thanks: I see. You cite an article by Hilda Barron ('descendant of Mrs Crotch') in Country Life, 30 Jan 1948 that he was a 'keen amateur artist' -though what he did (as mentioned above) looks pretty 'professional' in quality to me, even if not strictly so. While not for further investigation here, it's rather strange given how well he is otherwise recorded that the fact is not yet better lodged in general record than it seems to be: perhaps a case of 'tunnel vision' in musical specialists as those who have mainly focused on him.
ODNB now has the basic references above on Crotch's artistic work and will consider the matter for mention in its regular online updates.
These have been delayed of late for technical reasons but I'm told things are resolving.
Thanks, Pieter. Is this discussion now ready for closure?
Your call, but it looks like the questions raised have been resolved.
Glad you agree. I think we can now close it.
Thank you all. The collection has been contacted.
On behalf of everyone at the Royal Academy of Music Museum, I would like to thank you all so much for your work on this. I will edit our catalogue and party records accordingly so that the identity of the sculptor is Giovacchino Fazi.
Our Curators and I enjoyed reading this discussion and found some of the articles and links you posted fascinating. I can also confirm that William Crotch, our first Principal, was indeed a keen amateur artist. We have a number of his drawing and watercolours in our Museum and Library collections, including a book of ‘Six etchings by William Crotch from Sketches by Mr O'Neill of the Ruins made by the Fire, Christ Church, Oxford, March 3, 1809’.
Once again, I would like to thank you for your research, we are incredibly grateful to all of the Art Detectives out there.
With very best wishes,
Collections Care Officer
Royal Academy of Music Museum