Completed Continental European after 1800 21 Is the artist Julius Eluke, or has the signature been misread?

Topic: Artist

The artist of the original of this work, with differences, under various titles, and dated around 1837, is Friedrich Nerly – but see below. There also appear to be several autograph versions: aside from those appearing at auction, copies are in Bremen and Hanover (although I haven't been able to find a direct link to the collection of the latter), and there may be others.

It is worth noting that one online reproduction (Wikigallery/Christie’s) is listed as (after) Carlo Grubacs, a contemporary of Nerly. However most are given to Nerly and he was known, in particular, for his moonlight scenes.

There is no NICE Paintings record for this work.äule_i_Venedig_b_Mondschein_Landesmuseum_Hannover.JPG

Close-up images of the signature are attached.

Al Brown, Entry reviewed by Art UK

2 attachments

Completed, Outcome

This discussion is now closed. The artist was identified as German-born Carl Heinrich Julius Ehrke (1835–1899).

Thank you to everyone who contributed to the discussion. To anyone viewing this discussion for the first time, please see below for all the comments that led to this conclusion.


Is this not more likely to be a case of a 'phantom' artist created by misreading of the signature?

There seems to be no other trace of at least a suitable 'Julius Eluke' but there was definitely a Julius Ehrke (1837-90), by whom there is one example of work on Art UK: the signature surname here can certainly be read Ehrke.

Here is the existing Art UK example by the latter:

Whether the Venetian subject here is after someone else is probably the more significant matter for discussion.

Apologies for repeating Andrew's information: there were no comments when I wrote the one above, but some sort of glitch in the system that made it very slow in accepting it as 'sent'.

Jacinto Regalado,

If it is by the known Julius Ehrke, it is probably a copy or derived from Nerly. Ehrke appears to have concentrated on genre/interior scenes and landscapes, though there is not much to go on online.

The earliest of the 'Nerly' models provided above (that at Bremen) is dated 1837 and slightly different from the other two, which are identical in detail to the (probably) Ehrke version under discussion: the Christies 2007 attribution of one to 'circle of Carlo Grubacs' may just be failure to recognise that it may also be Nerly: if they had known of Nerly as source they would have mentioned it. The obvious inference is that (for whatever reason) Ehrke copied a Nerly model,

Jacinto Regalado,

Well, Pieter, it would appear that Art Detective has done better than Christie's.

Kieran Owens,

The artist's full name is Carl Heinrich Julius Ehrke. He was born in Ludwigslust, Mecklenburg, Germany, on the 10th September 1835, he married Ellen Elizabeth Leigh in 1866, and died (as reported in the Worcestershire Chronicle Saturday 11th November 1899) in Bath, Somerset, on the 1st November 1899 (and not 1890, as above), aged 64. He was living in Kempsey, Worcestershire, at the time of his death.

Jacinto Regalado,

The original Nerly version is more Romantic, somewhat reminiscent of Caspar David Friedrich, while this one seems more ominous and even threatening, not to say more lurid. Interesting.

Is there any existing short biographical entry on him: Thieme-Becker, Benezit etc? He only seems to have had two works in London exhibitions, at the RA in 1889 and 1890, sent in from Great Malvern, and presumably his immigration to that area was marriage related.

Martin Hopkinson,

He will be in the de Gruyter multivolume dictionary,. much more up to date than TB and Benezit , I am sure.

Kieran Owens,

Genealogical websites show him listed as a Drawing Master in various local directories, and as a school teacher, as well as the self-described "Artist and Master Gr (Grammar?) school", "Artist and Drawing Master in college" and "Artist and Painter" in the respective 1871, 1881 and 1891 UK census returns.

Jacinto Regalado,

Benezit has an entry for an Eduard Ehrke, born in Ludwigslust, Germany in 1837 (17 February), landscape painter, studied Düsseldorf and Munich, traveled to England in 1860 and settled in Bath in 1876. I suppose this could be a younger brother of Julius Ehrke.

Interesting (as also the reminder that Dedham is just in Essex rather than Suffolk: perhaps Eduard was drawn there by the Constable connection). With Paul (1840-93), opera singer, it looks like a talented family and, while an unfamilier surname in English, not so in German/US genealogies be they connected or otherwise.

Kieran Owens,

According to the Lutheran parish records in Germany, Eduard (sic) Paul Conrad Ehrke was born in Ludwigslust, Mecklenburg, on the 17th February 1837, and was baptised there on the 27th of the same month. He was the son of Ludwig Heinrich Ehrke and his wife Antoine Anna Ernestine Haidner.

The 1861 UK census shows an Edward Ehrke, born in Schwerin, Germany, aged 24 (therefore born in 1837), as a German language professor, living in the home of a school master, in Rochester, Essex.

Subsequent Census records show him as a teacher of languages.

The 1911 Census shows him living at 2, Lambridge Place, Bath, aged 74, and as a "Retired tutor and teacher of modern languages'.

His probate synopsis reads as:

"Ehrke, Edward (sic) Paul Conrad, of 2, Lambridge Place, Bath, died 9 November 1911. Probate London, 11 December, to Charles Edward Louis Ehrke, schoolmaster, and Richard Hemingway, solicitor. Effects £594."

His interest in painting must have played a secondary role to his profession as a teacher.

Kieran Owens,

In the Essex newspapers of 1860 and 1861, along with his brother Julius, Edward Ehrke is also mentioned as a classical music singer.

Jacinto Regalado,

One suspects there could be currently unattributed work by one or both Ehrke brothers in public collections, especially those in or near the places they lived.

The above discussion confirms that the artist is German-born Carl Heinrich Julius Ehrke (1835–1899). I recommend that the entry on ArtUK should be amended and the discussion closed.