Continental European after 1800, Yorkshire, The Humber and North East England: Artists and Subjects 38 comments Is this sunset view a nineteenth-century painting by a French artist and, if so, who was the painter?
Photo credit: Museums Sheffield
This painting was the subject of an earlier discussion, where no firm conclusion was reached.
Grant Waters, Group Leader of the Art Detective groups East of England: Artists and Subjects and South East England: Artists and Subjects, believes the painting to be French and connected to an artist belonging to, or influenced by, the Barbizon School. But who?
A prima vista from the online photo, I would suggest this is potentially the English landscape artist Henry Mark Anthony. He was heavily influenced in style by Constable and yet also has a record of working and painting around Paris. The group of figures at the foreground somehwat suggest the influence of the latter mentioned English colleague whilst the overall tone is clearly Barbizon.
The handling is comparable to many of his works which have gone through the art market and can be found online. Another particular note which leads me to this suggestion is the breadth and handling of the sky, the way the clouds stream accross - and the defined use of orange in the background sunset, a colour which seems a hallmark in many of his compositions.
For further comparisons, see his works on Art UK in Wolverhampton, Maidstone and Sunderland.
The Maas Gallery has a wonderful sunset by him which is suspected to be taken from the surroundings of Paris.
Another point of comparison to work from, a signed work by Henry Mark Anthony at Sotheby's in 2006: http://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2006/19th-century-british-and-continental-paintings-w06703/lot.47.html
The work certainly feels French and recalls Daubigny, but without a signature it will be difficult to pin down a specific artist.
Basically any number of French landscape painters influenced directly or indirectly by Corot could have done this picture.
I agree, Charles-Francois Daubigny immediately came to my mind. The 2016 Nat. Galleries of Scotland (Edinburgh) Exhbn "Inspiring Impressionism, Daubigny etc" displayed a very large landscape titled "October 1850-78", No.111, Cat. p.116. This depicts smoking fires from heaps of tipped municipal rubbish, with night-soil carts in action amongst scattered waste including animal bones. However, C-FD signs off many of the airborne plumes of smoke, with elongated squiggles. Under magnification, such a squiggle is visible in our picture.
Our picture has other characteristics of C-FD, although it is rather small for C-FD; many of his paintings were not signed.
Is there any further provenance? Anything on the reverse?
I thought of Boudin, but he was primarily a sea painter as opposed to Daubigny, who was closely associated with river scenery, and this picture is more Daubigny-like. The son and pupil of C. F. Daubigny, Karl, was also a landscape painter whose work was sometimes confused with that of his father.
This painting was a gift from J.G. Graves (1866-1945), a Sheffield businessman and philanthropist and also an art collector.
In the earlier discussion, why was Daniel Sherrin considered in the first place? Because Sheffield also has work by him? Was there any indication or documentation from Mr. Graves, the donor of this picture, regarding the identity of the painter?
Herewith additional info to my earlier comment - the large Daubigny painting "October 1850-78" (87.5 x 160.5) (stamped "Vente Daubigny") is in the collection of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam - visible via Internet. Note the unusual treatment of the air borne ends of the plumes of smoke, as similarly visible in our picture.
John George Graves donated his collection of nearly 700 pictures to the art gallery that bears his name in Sheffield, which I assume is where this painting resides. Obviously whatever papers or documents of his are available to the gallery could prove useful. Presumably he bought this in London, and it might help to know from what dealer.
In the earlier discussion, I see that Clive Hamilton suggested Daubigny as well as his pupil Hippolyte-Camille Delpy, who was also partial to river scenes, and whose work was exhibited in London in 1908, in the Grafton Galleries (which also showed work by Daubigny in 1905). Delpy's work was closer to the Impressionists than Daubigny's, and this picture seems closer to Corot (and thus to Daubigny) to me.
I must agree with the opinions that this is Barbizon School
I lean heavily towards Corot. The whole atmosphere that he
creates----that sense of stlllness and calm, the whole lay-out
and use of colour in a very small scale.
There is a little splash of red in the boat on the figures.I would
have expected to see his signature in red bottom right!
Apart from that we really need to see the backs of these paintings.
I had just had a look and was going to say it was quite Corot and then I see the previous comment from Raymond. I agree. The colours are in the darker spectrum then say Eugene Boudin...?
Barbizon School seems a strong possibility. However, to be more specific is going to be difficult. For example, Charles-Francois Daubigny, Karl Daubigny and Hippolyte-Camille Delpy all favoured this kind of composition -- a landscape of wide horizontal format, the view looking across water, with a very low horizon.
It would certainly be helpful if the collection could let us know of any clues on the reverse -- in the way of inscriptions, stamps or labels --and also confirm the size. The measurements given convert to 5 1/4 by 8 3/4 inches, or roughly A5. Is the painting really that small?
I'm afraid that we have no information on record of what is one the reverse, but I will check when i am next up at the store. It does mention an illegible signature bottom right, which I will also check.
It is indeed a very small work.
We also have it listed as 'Unknown French School'
Please see the attachments for images of the back of the frame and the signature - which was very hard to photograph, as you can see.
Apologies - having problems attaching the images!
Hello, here are the attachments kindly provided by Museums Sheffield.
Attached is a composite, which contributors to this discussion might like to consider. It is made up of some labels from the back of this painting and are compared to those from the back of that other discussion subject, the supposed painting of Savonarola, both of which are donations to Sheffield by J. G. Graves.
Common to both paintings are fames that seem to have been made by the same frame-maker, from what would appear to be the same lengths of wood (see the grain on each and the cross-batons in the corners, as represented in the bottom two images of the composite). Could both of these frames have been made by Gladwell Brothers, perhaps after they brought back both pictures from Paris in 1892? I am not suggesting that 'Sunset View' was bought at the Marquis de Valori's sale, as no picture in the catalogue matches its dimensions, but it might have been bought during that same trip from another auction or art dealer.
Additionally, both paintings have titles and attributions ('Portrait of Savonarola', by Masaccio & 'Sunset View', French school) that appear to have been written in the same hand on labels that would appear to be the same size. Could these have been written by J. G. Graves after he purchased them? An analysis of any descriptive labels on other works donated by Graves to Sheffield might prove this to be the case.
Also, both paintings have labels that read '7/38'. Could these numbers refer to a date, such as July 1938, when, perhaps, they came into either Grave's ownership or into the Sheffield collection?
Perhaps other works donated by Graves have a different combination of similarly styled numbers. The VADS website shows that Graves bought at least one painting of this style (in this case definitely by Daubigny) from Christie's in 1933, which he donated to Sheffield in 1935. Might this work have a ?/33 or a ?/35 label on its reverse (the question mark representing here an unknown month)?
Finally, studying the img.5636 attachment above, and given the slope of the letters of the name on the canvas, the signature on 'Sunset View' would appear to have been made by a left-handed painter. As in the attached image below, comparing the signature with those know to be by Daubigny, which in the main slant to the right, might suggest that the painting is not by him.
The attachments did not upload, so here is another attempt.
The two attachments below might help contextualise the donations made to Sheffield by J. G. Graves of the many works of art that now form part of the city's permanent collection.
Attached is the most readable image I could make of the signature. I think one can just make out a hint of it, and matching paintwork above, in the bottom right of Art UK's image of the whole painting. Comparing the size of this with the height of the painting (which we know to be just 134 mm), I estimate that the tiny off-vertical dashes that comprise most of the signature are at most 1-2 mm high.
This of course explains why it is essentially illegible. The artist has just made a quick and perfunctory attempt at one with the very tip of a small brush, not bothering to form most of the letters - in the context I don't think the left-lean (far from unique to left-handers) can be seen as significant, or the form to be typical. Other than the word's length and perhaps the first letter (which is a bit taller), little can be deduced. The beginning could certainly be read as a 'D-', possibly 'CD-' and perhaps even 'CFD-'; and the rest can be made to fit '-aubigny'. But being brutally objective, it could be made to fit a lot of names...
Just to throw another artist into the mix, have you considered Jules Dupré, who worked en plein air with Daubigny in the area around l'Isle Adam in the 1840s. His late canvases are often very heavily worked but he favoured motifs such as ponds, trees, fishermen, boatmen, etc. On the other hand, the free handling, light tonality in the sky and and setting sun are very Daubigny.
While I've no idea re: artist I would read the latter part of the signature on the back corner as' ...man': that is, three faintly connected vertical strokes, a blob of the brushpoint in making an 'a' and the last two verticals as 'n' the same way as the 'm'. I don't see a 'y'.
The signature/s evidence is most useful. The extensive C-F Daubigny reference in Vol.3, E.Benezit, 'Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs', pub.1976, illustrates on p.369 two clear examples of Daubigny's script signatures. The principal characteristics are: the eight letters are inscribed individually (not linked up), the very large flourished capital 'D', the firmly impressed vertical down-stroke of the 'b', the elongated tails of the 'g' and the 'y' swinging nearly horizontally leftwards. I suggest that these features can be recognized in the photos of the signatures presented to us, which should aid the confirmation of C-F Daubigny as the artist of this painting.
My first thought was Daubigny.
Photos will often pick up colours which can't be detacted by the eye so brushstrokes in photos if compaired with known Daubigny signed paintings could give an idea but looking at the originals of both is the best way to judge an artist.
If this painting is by Daubigny, it is most likely that it depicts the Oise river, near Herblay, in the department of Val-d'Oise, France. A Google search for 'Daubigny + Oise' and 'Daubigny + Herblay' will return many similar paintings to this one by him. Equally, a visit to http://www.charles-francois-daubigny.org/the-complete-works.html might also help with a positive attribution through a comparison with the 199 oil paintings shown therein, as well as the clear signatures that may be seen on many of them.
Daubigny signatures from Benezit attached -sorry about quality but they show how very different they are from the signature found on this painting.
Equally, the attachment above from an earlier posting shows how widely varied his signature appears on various works, so just comparing this painting's one with those from Benezit is quite restrictive. Without meaning to be disrespectful, the real difficulty here is the extremely poor quality of the image supplied by Museums Sheffield of the signature on this work. Surely it is not beyond the professional capabilities of the collection to have the work and especially the signature clearly photographed. There must be filters or photoshop techiniques that would allow for a clearer presrenstion.
Sorry, last word above should of course have been presentation.
There is a second Daubigny, whose signature should be compared with this signature, Karl [1846-86] , C F's son , who began exhibiting at the Salon in 1863. I have not seen enough of his work to say if he ever painted in this style
Attached are two versions of Karl's signature from Bénézit (English ed. 2006).
Here is a Daubigny for comparison:
To me, "style of Daubigny" is quite reasonable.
There is a Charles and Karl Daubigny exhibition at the Musee Eugene Boudin , Honfleur this summer
My first reaction was Daubigny (possibly) too. The collection has confirmed that it’s tiny (17/01/2018), easily small enough to fit into a portable paint box, and I’d guess from the 1860s. Daubigny did produce a large number of small works on wood, but whether any *this* small seems doubtful. Of approx. 100 panels produced between 1847 and 1877, the most common dimensions are 38 x 66 cm, 38 x 67 cm, and 39 x 67 cm, with one, ‘The Garden Wall’ at 18.8 x 35.9 cm (see NG Technical Bulletin, vol. 37, 2016). That doesn’t exclude the possibility, but the measurements come from Robert Hellebranth, who, with his wife Anne, wrote the catalogue raisonne (1976, revised 1996).
Daubigny's oils after the 1860s tend to be more obviously 'impressionistic' overall. The Ashmolean's lovely 'Evening at Bas Meudon' (1874) is a good example, but there are clear similarities in the brushwork in the sky and the leaves indicated by simple dashes of colour. I've attached close-ups of skies and trees.
Much about it suggests Daubigny (setting aside the signature which has to wait for a visit) including the river abutting the frame, as if we could wade right in to his translucent water (many others favoured the technique, but he was famous for repeatedly causing alarm at the Salon, see attachment).
I don't think this particular enquiry can be solved on the basis of the available image, but let’s leave this open in case the collection can examine it out of the frame.
This small landscape reminds me another landscape painter in our collection. His name is Emile Charles Lambinet (1815 - 1877). The title of the painting (attached) for our painting is On the Seine, dated 1860 (ABDAG002313).
Our painting has the artist's signature on the right hand corner. If you wish to look at the close-up view of the signature, I can send the detailed image of the signature for comparison.
The atmospheric condition the sunset and the reflection of the trees on the water in this painting in Sheffield Museums makes me think of both Daubigny's as well as Lambinet's style.
The size of our painting (oil on panel) is Height: 29.2 cm, Width: 48.1 cm.
Here is another example of his work:
Henry James mentioned a painting by Lambinet in his famous novel, "The Ambassadors" - (Book 11, Chapter 3. pp.452-52)
James did not mention the exact title of the painting in the novel and it is very unlikely that he was talking about our painting in Aberdeen's collection because he mentioned the village and the church in the painting. James wrote:
"He could thrill a little at the chance of seeing something somewhere that would remind him of a certain small Lambinet that had charmed him, long years before, at a Boston dealer's and that he had quite absurdly never forgotten. It had been offered, he remembered, at a price he had been instructed to believe the lowest ever named for a Lambinet, a price he had never felt so poor as on having to recognise, all the same, as beyond a dream of possibility...
The oblong gilt frame disposed its enclosing lines; the poplars and willows, the reeds and river - a river of which he didn't know, and didn't want to know, the name - fell into a composition, full of felicity, within them; the sky was silver and turquoise and varnish; the village on the left was white and the church on the right was grey; it was all there , in short - it was what he wanted: it was Tremont Street, it was France, it was Lambinet."
Griffin Coe (Curator, Fine Art)
Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums Collections
Could this be a work by the Swedish artist Alfred Wahlberg (1834–1906)? He has links to Paris according to Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Wahlberg
I have attached a vertical composite of ‘Sunset View’ and a work by Wahlberg: ‘Bords de rivière, effet de soleil couchant’ (on MutualArt https://tinyurl.com/vms9cwdp).
The two works are very similar in mood and both feature small boats, figures with some red clothing (see comment of Raymond Pettigrew), calm water (see comment of Raymond Pettigrew) at sunset, and trees with pale lower trunks. These works include very similar slashes of orange paint (see comment of William Laborde) above the sunset. Both works feature the low horizon noted by Richard Green.
Here are the sizes of the works: 13.4 x 22.2 cm and 27 x 41 cm. Both are oil on panel.
My second composite compares one of the signatures provided by Edward Stone on 25/01/2018 14:47 to a signature from the Art Signature Dictionary website. https://tinyurl.com/ywjnue8h.
Another very similar work by Wahlberg was in a June 2017 auction of Uppsala Auktions Kammare, as ‘Månskenslandskap med fiskare läggandes nät’ (”Souvenir au Suède, effet du clair de lune”) https://tinyurl.com/3tjytnff). It includes smoke (see comment by Antoinette Gordon) in the same section of the painting.
I think, the style of painting as well as the signature, despite not been clear, all indicate this painting by George Inness