Portraits: British 18th C 11 Who is this distinctive-looking man, and who painted his portrait?

Topic: Subject or sitter

This man is so distinctive that someone might be able to identify him. I think it's a rather good painting and close to Wright of Derby.

My suggestion for the sitter is Henry Harington M. D. (1727–1816):


The collection comments: 'The painting is thought to be a portrait of Nathaniel St André by an unknown artist. It was purchased from the Council of the Hartley (now Southampton) University Library in 1904 by Southampton City Council as a portrait of George Frederick Pitt (donor of the Pitt Library).'

Tim Williams, Entry reviewed by Art UK


Joanna Wakefield,

Maybe Sir Isaac Watts. I believe he wrote the music of Southampton Civic Centre bells chime. He has a large nose, which upon looking at other portraits, they also have large noses.

Joanna Wakefield,

It is also the School hymn for King Edward VI School, Southampton, which Isaac Watts himself attended, the peal of the Southampton Civic Centre clock tower and The Laidlaw Memorial School and Junior College, Ketti. Wikkapeadia

Osmund Bullock,

I'm pretty sure Isaac Watts (no 'Sir') was long dead by the time this was painted (?1760s-80s - I agree it could be Chamberlin). There are many images of Watts online, all wearing the bands of a non-conformist minister; and though there is some variability of features, none looks remotely like this man.

Henry Harington is also not possible, Tim, I fear. The portrait on which your print is based was painted by Beach in 1799 (see http://bit.ly/2sbhcVS ), yet shows a far less ravaged face. And there is another c.1815 portrait of him as an old man by Slater (print after it here http://bit.ly/2raSMfK ), exhibited posthumously at the RA in 1819 - this is all too late...and he still doesn't look decrepit enough.

Southampton have rightly concluded that George Frederick Pitt (bap Feb 1766-1835) is too late, and they suggest his natural father Nathaniel St André (d.March 1766 age 96) in old age instead. Portraits of St André (the credulous self-publicist 'rabbit doctor' of 1726) seem to be mainly genetic caricatures, except possibly for this http://bit.ly/2qswDbR ; but even if reliable, it is too early an image to help much. But if the likeness of his supposed son G.F.Pitt in the Royal Collection http://bit.ly/2qptqOk (and see also http://bit.ly/2qwns9u ) is authentic, his aquiline nose and protuberant chin (even allowing for some exaggeration by Dighton) seem unlikely to have emerged from the genes of the man in our portrait. But perhaps the ninety-something year-old Dr St André was as gullible about being the father of his former maid servant Mary Pitt's two bastard sons as he had been 40 years before about Mary Toft being the mother of 15 rabbits. His death shortly after George's baptism meant that he did not live to see some rather surprising facial features grow from his alleged son and co-heir's infant face.

So on balance I feel Southampton's suggestion is still very plausible - certainly it seems to have come from St André's collection, left to Southampton by Pitt; but to prove it will probably be impossible.

Chris Rose,

I have seen that face before in connection with the Lunar Society of Birmingham,Wright had connections them and painted some of it’s members.

Osmund Bullock,

Mikael, it’s not a matter of probability that they are not the same man – they are facially nothing like each other, whatever the age gap. Assuming your comparison link is to one of the many versions/copies of Reynolds' ?1772 (dated elsewhere to c1778) portrait of Johnson (your link is incomplete), Pieter van der Merwe's single reference to the Barry portrait (which is *later*, c1778-1780) seems a very valid comparison. It was painted just 4-6 years before Johnson's death; and short of the man having been struck repeatedly in the face with an iron bar in between, they cannot conceivably be the same person.

I'm attaching a composite of the two images for direct comparison, along with several other late portraits (including one based on his death mask). To keep thing simple, look at the mouth and the nose. All the portraits of the living Johnson show the same prominent, fleshy and almost pouty upper lip, though in the death mask it has collapsed or been pressed flat by the casting; our sitter has a very thin one. And all of them, including the death mask, show the same long, straight nose, with little or no thickening at the tip; our sitter’s nose is significantly shorter, and kicks up into a notably large and bulbous end. I could discuss, too, the eyes and eyebrows (and how they’re held), but I don’t think it’s necessary.

1 attachment
Martin Hopkinson,

Could this be by the same artist who painted Richard Coope in the Royal London Hospital Museum , attributed probably incorrectly, to circle of Arthur Pond?
Coope was involved in 1750 with the hospital's acquisition of Mount Field on the Wentworth Estate on the south side of Whitechapel Road. see the Survey of London

Kieran Owens,

If this is a portrait of Nathaniel St. André, who died in Southampton on the 11th March 1776, perhaps Christie's archive might still have the catalogue from the sale of his household effects, as per the attached notice from the Hampshire Chronicle of Monday 22nd July of that same year. In it there might be a lot for this painting, with its artist's name identified.

Kieran Owens,

However..........attached is a composite of a contemporary satirical depiction of Nathaniel St. André, the celebrated surgeon and anatomist to King George the 1st, set beside our discussion's portrait. André was implicated in the famous rabbit birth fraud, details of which can be read here:


Apart from the downturned mouth and the sartorial similarity of the wide button holes on the jacket, there is not much to positively compare our sitter with the know engraving. That said, perhaps the passage of years resulted in a filling out of the features from the earlier gaunt appearance.

Also attached is an image of George Frederick Pitt, from c.1804. He equally looks nothing like our discussion's sitter.

Kieran Owens,

Sorry Osmund, I was asleep when writing the above and did not intentionally mean to repeat your already-posted images of Nathaniel St. André and George Frederick Pitt.

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