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(b Worcester County (?Shrewsbury), Mass., 11 May 1751; d Bolton, Conn., 16 Aug. 1801). American painter, active in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York, and Vermont, and also in England (1778–85), when his loyalty to the British put his life in danger in his homeland. He painted landscapes and battle scenes of the Revolution, but was primarily a portraitist. Although his style became softer and more sophisticated after studying with West in London, his work generally has a sincerity and freshness of vision that makes him one of the finest American artists of the 18th century.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)