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Saint James the Greater
Photo credit: Courtesy of the Warden and Scholars of New College/Bridgeman Images

Saint James the Greater

El Greco (1541–1614)

New College, University of Oxford

(b Candia [now Iraklion], Crete, c.1541; d Toledo, 7 Apr. 1614). Cretan-born painter, sculptor, and architect who settled in Spain and is regarded as the first great genius of the Spanish School. His real name was Domenikos Theotokopoulos and it was thus that he signed his paintings throughout his life, always in Greek characters, and sometimes followed by Kres (Cretan). To avoid the tongue-twisting name, he was known in Spain as Domenico Griego or simply El Griego (the Greek).

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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