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(b Rouen, 26 Sept. 1791; d Paris, 26 Jan. 1824). French painter, lithographer, draughtsman, and occasional sculptor, one of the prime movers and most original figures of Romanticism. He studied in Paris with Carle Vernet and Pierre Guérin, but learned more by making copies of the Old Masters in the Louvre, developing in particular a passion for Rubens. In 1812 he won a gold medal with his first submission to the Salon—Charging Chasseur (Louvre, Paris), a dashing battle scene celebrating French military prowess at a time when Napoleon was at the peak of his power.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)