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(b Antwerp, 21 Mar. 1546; d Prague, 1611). Netherlandish painter and designer who had an international career and played an important part in the spread of Mannerism in northern Europe. He trained in Antwerp, where he came under the influence of Frans Floris, then travelled via France to Italy, where he spent a decade (1565–75), mainly in Rome. After five years in Vienna, he finally settled in Prague, where he was appointed court painter by the emperor Rudolf II (see Habsburg) in 1581.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)