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(b London, 25 Dec. 1890; d London, 9 Oct. 1975). British sculptor, painter, printmaker, teacher, and writer. A versatile and original figure, Underwood was out of sympathy with the main trends of modernism, describing abstraction as ‘artfully making emptiness less conspicuous’. Nevertheless, from the 1960s critics began to speak of him as the ‘father of modern sculpture in Britain’, in view of the streamlined, stylized forms of his stone carvings and bronzes in the 1920s and 1930s and the influence of his teaching.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)