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In 1842 the Opium War between Britain and China ended with the signing of the Treaty of Nanking. This opened up the five main Chinese ports of Canton, Amoy, Ningpo, Shanghai and Foochow to European traders, who needed considerable naval protection from the persistent depredations of Chinese pirates. This is a view across the Pearl River at Canton in southern China towards the European 'factories' or trading posts, which the European merchants were not allowed to leave.
oil on canvas
H 94 x W 189.2 cm