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William Cadogan (1711–1797)

Photo credit: Royal College of Physicians, London

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William Cadogan (1711–1797) is known as the ‘father of child care’. His most influential work, 'Essay on the Nursing and Management of Children' (1748) promoted breastfeeding as beneficial to both mother and baby. Cadogan’s directions were used as a guide for the Foundling Hospital, London’s first home for abandoned babies, where he was physician from 1753. Cadogan also wrote an influential paper, 'Dissertation on the Gout and all Chronic Diseases', jointly considered as proceeding from the same causes, which received a lot of attention.

Royal College of Physicians, London





oil on canvas


H 82.6 x W 66 cm

Accession number


Acquisition method

gift from Whitlock Nicholl, 1828

Work type



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Normally on display at

Royal College of Physicians, London

11 St Andrew's Place, Regent's Park, London, Greater London NW1 4LE England

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